Cilt 19, Sayı , Sayfalar 1 - 14 2016-07-11

Akademik Metinlerde Eski Bilgi Sözceleri
Informationally Redundant Utterances in Academic Texts

Ümit Deniz Turan [1]

312 234

Bu çalışmada, dilbilim alanında yazılmış olan Türkçe akademik metinlerdeki Eski Bilgi Sözceleri incelenmiştir. Eski Bilgi Sözcelerinin, okuyucunun bilişsel ve bellek kısıtlılıklarından kaynaklanan güçlükleri aşmasını ve okuma eylemini kolaylaştırmasını sağlayan unsurlar olduğu gözlemlenmiştir: Eski Bilgi Sözceleri, daha önce sözü edilen bir ifadenin yeniden anımsatılması amacıyla kullanılabileceği gibi bir önermede örtük olan ve çıkarım gerektiren önermelerin açıkça belirtilmesi sonucu ortaya çıkar. Ayrıca, Eski Bilgi Sözceleri, yerel ve küresel metin yapısı ile etkileşim içindedir.

This study investigates Informationally Redundant Utterances (IRU) in
Turkish academic texts written within the fi eld of linguistics. IRUs are
used to compensate readers’ cognitive limitations, such as the inability to
automatically infer some logical conclusions derived from entailments,
presuppositions and implicatures. Writers, therefore, do not take it
for granted that the logical conclusions will be drawn online by their
readers; instead they present the logical conclusions explicitly with IRUs
to provide reader-friendly essays. Likewise, they use IRUs which they
think are not salient enough for the readers to immediately retrieve from
the memory: Thus, they use IRUs to bring old information to the readers’
focus of attention. Results also show that IRUs interact with the local and
global levels of discourse structure in interseting ways.

  • Abbott, C. & Eubanks, P. (2005). How Academics and Practitioners Evaluate Technical Texts: A Focus Group Study Journal of Business and Technical Communication; 19/2: 171-218.
  • Blakemore, D. (2007) ‘Or’-parentheticals, ‘that is ’-parentheticals and the pragmatics of reformulation . Journal of Linguistics 43/2 : 311–339.
  • Cacioppo, J.T & Petty, R. E. (1989) Effects of Message Repetition on Argument Processing, Recall, and Persuasion. Basic and Applied Social Psychology. 10/1: 3-12.
  • Carston, R. (2006) A Note on Pragmatic Principles of Least Effort. http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/publications/WPL/05papers/carston.pdf
  • Cuenca, M. J. & Bach, C. (2007) Contrasting the form and use of reformulation markers. Discourse Studies 9/2: 149–175
  • Grice, H. P. (1975), Logic and Conversation. Peter Cole & Jerry Morgan, (Editors). Syntax and Semantics: 3, Academic Press: 41-58
  • Grosz, B. J. & Sidner, C. L. (1986) Attention, Intentions, and the Structure of Discourse. Computational Linguistics, 12/3: 175-204.
  • Gülich, E. (2003) Conversational techniques used in transferring knowledge between medical experts and non-experts. Discourse Studies 5/2: 235–263
  • Horn, L. (1984). Toward a new taxonomy for pragmatic inference: Q-based and R-based implicature. In Deborah Schiffrin. (Editor), Meaning, Form and Use in Context (GURT‘84), Washington: Georgetown University Pres: 11-42.
  • Horn, L. (1993) Economy and Redundancy in a Dualistic Model of Natural Language. Yearbook of the Linguistic Association of Finland, 33-72. http://yale.edu/linguist/faculty/doc/horn_sky.pdf
  • Horn, L. (2004). Implicature. Laurence Horn and Gregory Ward. (Editors), 3-28 Handbook of Pragmatics. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Hyland, K. (2000). Disciplinary discourses: Social interactions in academic writing. London: Longman.
  • Hyland, K. (2005) Representing readers in writing: Student and expert practices. Linguistics and Education 16/4 : 363–377
  • Hyland, K. (2007) Applying a Gloss: Exemplifying and Reformulating in Academic Discourse. Applied Linguistics 28/2: 266–285
  • Prince; E. (1981) Toward a taxonomy of given-new information. Peter Cole,(Editor) Radical Pragmatics. New York: Academic Pres. 223-256.
  • Prince; E. (1992) The ZPG letter: subjects, definiteness, and information-status. Sandra Thompson & William Mann. (Editors) . Discourse description: diverse analyses of a fund raising text. Philadelphia/Amsterdam: John Benjamins : 295-325.
  • Schegloff, E. A. & Sacks, H. (1977) Opening up closings. Semiotica. 8: 289-327.
  • Schiffrin, D. (1987) Discourse Markers. Cambridge University Pres.
  • Stalnaker, R. (1973) Presuppositions. Journal of Philosophical Logic: 2/4: 447-457.
  • Stalnaker, R. (1999) Context and Content. Oxford University Press.
  • Stalnaker, R. (2002) Common Ground. Linguistics and Philosophy: 25/5-6: 701-721
  • Tannen, D. (1989) Talking Voices: Repetition, Dialogue and Imagery in Conversational Discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Turhan-Yöndem, M. (2001) Identifying the Interactions of Multi-criteria in Turkish Discourse Segmentation, Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Bilgisayar Mühendisliği, Doktora Tezi
  • Türkkan, B. ve Yağcıoğlu, S. (2006) Türkçe bilimsel metinlerde gönderimsel bağdaşıklık ve köprü gönderimi: Merkezleme Kuramı çerçevesinde bir yaklaşım. Dilbilim Araştırmaları 2006: 59-70.
  • Uzun, L. ve Huber, E. (Haz) (2002) Türkçede Bilgi Yapısı ve Bilimsel Metinler. Essen, Almanya:Die Blaue Eule.
  • Walker, M. (1993a) Informational Redundancy and Resource Bounds in Dialogue. University of Pennsylvania. Computer and Information Science, Ph.D. Dissertation.
  • Marilyn W. (1993b) Information and Deliberation in Discourse. Owen Rambow (Editor) Intentionality and Structure in Discourse Relations: Proceedings of the Association for Computational Linguistics. Ohio State University, Columbus: 144-147.
  • Zipf, G. K. (1949) Human behavior and the principle of least effort. Cambridge, MA: Addison-Wesley Press.
Konular
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Ümit Deniz Turan
E-posta: murattozgen@gmail.com

Bibtex @ { dad258321, journal = {Dilbilim Araştırmaları Dergisi}, issn = {1300-8552}, address = {BÜTEK Boğaziçi Eğitim Turizm Teknopark Uygulama ve Dan. Hiz. San. Tic. A.Ş.}, year = {2016}, volume = {19}, pages = {1 - 14}, doi = {}, title = {Akademik Metinlerde Eski Bilgi Sözceleri}, language = {tr}, key = {cite}, author = {Turan, Ümit Deniz} } @ { dad258321, journal = {Dilbilim Araştırmaları Dergisi}, issn = {1300-8552}, address = {BÜTEK Boğaziçi Eğitim Turizm Teknopark Uygulama ve Dan. Hiz. San. Tic. A.Ş.}, year = {2016}, volume = {19}, pages = {1 - 14}, doi = {}, title = {Informationally Redundant Utterances in Academic Texts}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {Turan, Ümit Deniz} }
APA Turan, Ü . (2016). Akademik Metinlerde Eski Bilgi Sözceleri. Dilbilim Araştırmaları Dergisi, 19 (), 1-14. Retrieved from http://dad.boun.edu.tr/issue/24371/258321
MLA Turan, Ü . "Akademik Metinlerde Eski Bilgi Sözceleri". Dilbilim Araştırmaları Dergisi 19 (2016): 1-14 <http://dad.boun.edu.tr/issue/24371/258321>
Chicago Turan, Ü . "Akademik Metinlerde Eski Bilgi Sözceleri". Dilbilim Araştırmaları Dergisi 19 (2016): 1-14
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Akademik Metinlerde Eski Bilgi Sözceleri AU - Ümit Deniz Turan Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - DO - T2 - Dilbilim Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 14 VL - 19 IS - SN - 1300-8552-2587-0939 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Dilbilim Araştırmaları Dergisi Akademik Metinlerde Eski Bilgi Sözceleri %A Ümit Deniz Turan %T Akademik Metinlerde Eski Bilgi Sözceleri %D 2016 %J Dilbilim Araştırmaları Dergisi %P 1300-8552-2587-0939 %V 19 %N %R %U