Year 2018, Volume 29 , Issue 2, Pages 1 - 20 2018-12-28

Appositive ki Clauses in Turkish
Eşlemeli Ki Tümcecikleri

Hasan Mesut MERAL [1]


This study explores the post-nominal appositives formed with the so called complementizer ki in Turkish. It makes two sets of arguments: (i) Post-nominal appositives formed with ki do not form a constituent with their antecedents in syntax, instead they are formed as separate clauses, having their own illocutionary act and being opaque to syntactic operations of their host clauses, hence non-integrated in the sense of Cinque (2008), (ii) Appositive ki clauses involve neither subordination, nor coordination, rather they are ForcePs adjoining to the root clause, and this root level adjunction is characterized as concatenation without labels in the sense of Horstein (2009) and Citko (2016).

Bu çalışma Türkçede ki ile  kurulan eşlemeli yan tümceleri araştırmaktadır. Çalışmada iki küme sav geliştirilmiştir: (i) Ki ile kurulan ad sonrası eşlemeli yan tümceler ilişkili oldukları öğelerle sözdizim modülünde bir öbek olışturmak yerine bağımsız tümcecikler olarak üretilir. Kendi edimsel eylemlerine sahip olan bu tümcecikler ana tümce kaynaklı sözdizimsel işlemlere kapalıdır ve Cinque (2008) sistemine göre bütünleşmemiş tümceciklerdir.  (ii) Eşlemeli ki tümcecikleri ne yantümceleme ne de sıralama içerirler. Eşlemeli ki tümcecikleri yapı olarak Güç Öbekleridir ve ana tümceye eklenirler. Bu ekleme kök tümce düzeyinde bir eklemedir ve Hornstein (2009), Citko (2016)'dan hareketle etiketsiz eklenme olarak gerçekleşir. 

  • Akerson, F. & Özil, Ş. (1998). Türkçede Niteleme: Sıfat İşlevli Yan Tümceler. İstanbul: Simurg Yayınları.
  • Aygen, G. (2003). Are there “Non-restrictive” Pre-relatives in Turkish? Harvard Working Papers in Linguistics 8, 199-215.
  • Bianchi, V. (1999). Consequences of Antisymmetry: Headed Relative Clauses. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Cinque, G. (2008). Two Types of Nonrestrictive Relatives. In O. Bonami & P. Cabredo Hofherr (eds.), Empirical Issues in Syntax and Semantics 7, 99-137. Paris: University of Paris 7.
  • Citko, B. (2008). An Argument against Assimilating Appositive Relatives to Coordinate Structures. Linguistic Inquiry 39, 633-655.
  • Citko, B. (2016). Types of Appositive Relative Clauses in Polish. Studies in Polish Linguistics, 11(3), 85–110.
  • Çağrı, I. (2005). Minimality and Turkish Relative Clauses. PhD. dissertation, University of Maryland.
  • Del Gobbo, F. (2003). Appositives at the Interface. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California Irvine.
  • Del Gobbo, F. (2010). On Chinese Appositive Relative Clauses. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 19(4), 385-417.
  • Demirdache, H. (1991). Resumptive Chains in Restrictive Relatives, Appositives, and Dislocation Structures. Ph.D. Dissertation, MIT.
  • Emonds, J. (1979). Appositive Relatives have no Properties. Linguistic Inquiry 10, 211-243.
  • Erguvanlı, E. (1981). A Case of Syntactic Change: Ki Constructions in Turkish. Boğaziçi Üniversitesi Beşeri Bilimler Dergisi 8, 111-140.
  • Fabb, N. (1990). The Difference between English Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Relative Clauses. Journal of Linguistics 26, 57–78.
  • Göksel, A., & Kerslake, C. (2005). Turkish: A Comprehensive Grammar. London: Routledge.
  • Göksel, A., Kelepir, M., & Üntak-Tarhan, A. (2008). The Morphosyntactic Implications of Intonation as a Clause-typer. In Boeckx, C. & Ulutaş, S. (eds.), Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Altaic in Formal Linguistics, 39-50. MITWPL.
  • Griffiths J. (2015). On Appositives. PhD dissertation, University of Groningen.
  • Griffiths, J. & Güneş, G. (2014). Ki Issues in Turkish. In M. Kluck, D. Ott & M. de Vries (eds.), Parenthetical Coordination and Adjunction. Parenthesis and Ellipsis. Cross-linguistic and Theoretical Perspectives, 173-217. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Güneş, G. & Çöltekin, Ç. (2016). Prosody of Parentheticals in Turkish. In S. Schneider, J. Glikman & M. Avanzi (eds.), Parenthetical Verbs. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Gürel, A. (2003). Is the Overt Pronoun Constraint Universal? Evidence from L2 Turkish. In Juana M. Liceras et al (eds) Proceedings of the 6th Generative Approaches to Second Language Acquisition Conference, 130-139. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla.
  • Hornstein N. (2009). A Theory of Syntax. Minimal Operations and Universal Grammar. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Jackendoff, R. (1977). X’ Syntax: A Study of Phrase Structure. MIT Press.
  • Jongsma, G. A. (2016). Prenominal ARCs in Japanese and Turkish: Less Appositive, more Adjectival? MA Thesis, University of Groningen.
  • Kamali, B. (2011). Topics at the PF Interface of Turkish. PhD Dissertation, Harvard University.
  • Kan, S. (2009). Prosodic Domains and the Syntax-prosody Mapping in Turkish. MA Thesis, Boğaziçi University.
  • Kayne, R. (1994). The Antisymmetry of Syntax. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
  • Kesici, E. (2013). Ki-Clauses in Turkish: A Paratactic Analysis. Coyote Papers 21. Tucson: University of Arizona Linguistics.
  • Kornfilt, J. (1997). Turkish. London: Routledge.
  • Liptak, A. (1998). On Restrictive versus Appositive Relative Clauses. Paper presented at the Conference Linguistics in the Netherlands, Utrecht.
  • Meral, H. M. (2004). Resumptive Pronouns in Turkish. MA. Thesis, Boğaziçi University.
  • Meral, H. M. (2006). English-Turkish Contrastive: Appositive Structures. Paper presented at IDEA Conference, April 2006. Boğaziçi University, Istanbul.
  • Meral, H. M. (2010). Resumption, A’-Chains and Implications on Clausal Architecture. Ph.D. Dissertation, Boğaziçi University.
  • Montalbetti, M. (1984). After Binding. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
  • Özçelik, Ö. (to appear). An Antisymmetric Analysis of Turkish Relative Clauses: Implications from Prosody. Turkic Languages. Harrossowitz Verlag.
  • Platzack, C. (1997). A Representational Account of Restrictive and Non-restrictive Relatives: The Case of Swedish. Working Papers in Scandinavian Syntax 59, 65–95.
  • Potts, C., (2005). The Logic of Conventional Implicatures. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Prince, E. (1990). Syntax and Discourse: A Look at Resumptive Pronouns. In Hall, K., Koenig, J., Meacham, M., Reinman, S. and Sutton, L. (eds), Proceedings of the 16th Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 482–97. Berkeley, CA.
  • Rizzi, L. (1997). The Fine Structure of the Left Periphery. In A. Beletti (ed.), Structures and beyond: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, 223-252. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Ross, J. R. (1967). Constraints on Variables in Syntax. Ph.D. Dissertation, MIT.
  • Safir, K. (1986). Relative Clauses in a Theory of Binding and Levels. Linguistic Inquiry 17, 663-689.
  • Selkirk, E. (2005). Comments on Intonational Phrasing. In: Frota, S., Vigario, M. and Freitas, M. (eds.), Prosodies, 11–58. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Smith, C. S. (1964). Determiners and Relative Clauses in a Generative Grammar of English. Language 40, 37–52.
  • Thompson, S. (1971). The Deep Structure of Relative Clauses. In Fillmore, C. and Langendoen, T. (eds), Studies in Linguistic Semantics, 78–94. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
  • Vries, M. de. (2006). The Syntax of Appositive Relativization. On Specifying Coordination, False Free Relatives and Promotion. Linguistic Inquiry 37, 229-270.
Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Published Date 2018/2
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Author: Hasan Mesut MERAL (Primary Author)
Institution: YILDIZ TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 28, 2018

APA Meral, H . (2018). Appositive ki Clauses in Turkish . Dilbilim Araştırmaları Dergisi , 29 (2) , 1-20 . DOI: 10.18492/dad.309847