Year 2020, Volume 31 , Issue 2, Pages 339 - 361 2020-12-30

Türkçe Bağlaçlar Üzerine Gelişimsel Bir Çalışma
A Developmental Study of Turkish Connectives

Enis OĞUZ [1] , Duygu ÖZGE [2]


Çocuklar üç yaşındayken bile bağlaçları doğru olarak kullanabilirken, anlamlarını tam manasıyla edinmeleri ve anlamlandırmaları çok daha uzun zaman gerektirmektedir; bu bakımdan, bağlaçlar gelişimsel açıdan ilginç bir olgu sunar. Cazibesine rağmen, bağlaç edinimi üzerine yoğunlaşan çalışmalar sayı olarak oldukça sınırlıdır -özellikle de Türkçede. Bu çalışma Türkçe bağlaç edinimindeki gelişimsel rotayı incelemek amacıyla zamansal, nedensel ve karşıtsal bağlaçların anlamlandırılma süreçlerini anadili Türkçe olan 184 ilkokul çağında çocuk ve 20 yetişkin ile test etti. Sonuçlar, akademik başarıları öğretmenleri tarafından yüksek olarak değerlendirilen 5. sınıf öğrencilerinin yetişkin seviyesinde performans gösterdiklerini ortaya koymaktadır. Bağlaç türleri ile ilgili bulgular ise zamansal bağlaçların çocuk grupları için nedensel ve karşıtsal bağlaçlara göre daha zor olduğunu göstermektedir. Doğru cevabı geriye dönük zamansal bağlaç (öncesinde) olan veya nesnelere atıfta bulunan tümce içeren sorular ise tüm gruplar için fazladan zorlayıcıydı (özellikle 3. sınıf öğrencileri ve akademik başarıları düşük olarak değerlendirilen 5. sınıf öğrencileri için). Elde edilen bu bulgular bağlaç ediniminde çok boyutlu anlamlandırma bakış açısını destekler niteliktedir.


Bu makalenin ilk hali 28-06-2020 tarihinde yayınlandı. http://dad.boun.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/55345/698824

Connectives present an interesting phenomenon; while even 3-year-olds can produce them accurately, the real mastery of understanding their meanings takes much more time in language acquisition. Despite its allure, studies focusing on connective acquisition are limited in number, especially in Turkish. In order to investigate the developmental path of different Turkish connectives, we tested the comprehension of temporal, causal, and adversative connectives in 184 Turkish-speaking primary-school children and 20 Turkish-speaking adults. Our results demonstrated that high-achieving 5th graders show an adult-like performance. Regarding connective types, temporal connectives posed a greater challenge for children compared to causal and adversative connectives. The questions were more challenging for all groups (but especially for 3rd graders and low-achieving 5th graders) when they require a backward temporal connective (before that) as the correct answer or include object-referred clauses. We explain these results in light of the multi-dimensional account of connective acquisition.


The original article was published on 28 June 2020. http://dad.boun.edu.tr/en/pub/issue/55345/698824

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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Düzeltme
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-5819-4926
Author: Enis OĞUZ (Primary Author)
Institution: İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1698-5479
Author: Duygu ÖZGE
Institution: ORTA DOĞU TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 30, 2020

APA Oğuz, E , Özge, D . (2020). A Developmental Study of Turkish Connectives . Dilbilim Araştırmaları Dergisi , 31 (2) , 339-361 . Retrieved from http://dad.boun.edu.tr/en/pub/issue/58756/849534